In photography, composition refers to the relevant placement and framing of the subject. This framing and placement is important for catalogue photography, which aims to capture a complete and accurate representation of the collection item captured. A well composed catalogue photograph ensures that the collection item is depicted in its entirety, with minimal visual distraction.
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
This information is designed to be read in conjunction with the following information sheets:
As part of Planning Your Catalogue Photography Workflow, you will have made decisions about what methods and equipment to use, based on the type of collection items you intend to digitise. Whether photographing or scanning your items, the basic principles of composition apply. These principles are:
FILL THE FRAME
The item is the subject being documented – it should fill the frame as much as possible, should be in focus and the photograph should capture it in its entirety. You can take additional detail photographs to document inscriptions, markings, fixtures, damage or parts.
How to ensure the item fills the frame:
- Frame your photograph according to the shape of the object – a tall object is best captured in portrait format, whereas a wide object is best captured in landscape format.
- Move your camera closer to the item or use your camera’s zoom functionality
- Use simple image editing software to crop the image
THE OBJECT, AND ONLY THE OBJECT
There are several things to keep in mind for photographing your object:
- Remove any labels or registration numbers from the item.
- For public viewing on an online CMS, and also for publication purposes, you should capture an image of the item without a scale bar or registration number.
- You may wish to take additional photographs of each item which include a scale bar and registration number for in-house collection management purposes.
- Where necessary use supports or display mounts for the objects you are photographing.
- Do not hold the items as they are being photographed.
Make sure the backdrop is a) consistent and b) not distracting from the item you are documenting. There should be no distracting detail or colour behind the item.
Use a clean monochrome background, preferably white. To achieve this you can use a backdrop created from white cardboard. If the item you are photographing is large, a cardboard backdrop may not be sufficient.
An alternative solution is to create a consistent monochrome background using white fabric as a backdrop.